Elements and principles of design book
Visual Arts: Elements and Principles of DesignVisual design elements and principles describe fundamental ideas about the practice of visual design. When they do so, however, there is usually some compensating merit attained at the cost of the violation. Unless you are certain of doing as well, it is best to abide by the principles. Design elements are the basic units of any visual design which form its structure and convey visual messages. Graves , who attempted to gestate the fundamental principles of aesthetic order in visual design,  in his book, The Art of Color and Design , defined the elements of design as line, direction, shape , size , texture , value, and color , concluding that "these elements are the materials from which all designs are built. Color is the result of light reflecting back from an object to our eyes.
The Principles of Design and Their Importance
Visual design is about creating and making the general aesthetics of a product consistent. To create the aesthetic style of a website or app, we work with fundamental elements of visual design , arranging them according to principles of design. These elements and principles together form the building blocks of visual design, and a firm understanding of them is crucial in creating a visual design of any product. While a close examination of each element is usually not necessary in your daily work as a designer, the principles of design — how to place the elements together to build pages and app screens optimally — play a crucial part in your role. Learning how to achieve unity, gestalt, hierarchy, balance, contrast, scale, dominance , and similarity will reward you time and again.
What do you list as the elements of design? What do you list as the principles of design? Think you have it all figured out? Even textbooks do not agree - web sites do not agree. What I would recommend is get together as a staff in your district and come up with a vocabulary that you all agree to use.
Elements of Visual Design
Some of the most commonly acknowledged principles of design are alignment, balance, contrast, proximity, repetition, and white space. These are all elements of graphic design "composition. Graphic design are definitions, rules and considerations of design applied to the visual medium, for communication by the use of visual objects that may include words, lights, graphs and shapes to pass information to the viewer. Graphic design can be used for advertising, or just for entertainment intended for the mind. From clarification or expansion of information via visual aids to the arousal of emotional and aesthetic feelings in an artistic way. It may be a contributor to many other forms of art and craft, for example the elaboration of typefaces used in print and media, the order and flow of presentation of a cartoon, to the creation of road signs or even emoji. Graphic design considerations influence all visual aspects of our technological society and is an intrinsic part the shared human culture.
The elements of art and principles of design are the fundamental pieces that make up an artwork. Most works of art will make use of many or all of the elements and principles of art. We often judge art by how effectively the artist used these design fundamentals even before we learn about them. The elements of art are the building blocks of an artwork: color, line, shape, form, value, texture, and space. They are the tools artists use when creating an artwork.
Design differs from art in that it has to have a purpose. Visually, this functionality is interpreted by making sure an image has a center of attention, a point of focus. The principles of design are the rules a designer must follow to create an effective composition that cleanly delivers a message to her audience. The most important, fundamental principles of design include emphasis, balance and alignment, contrast, repetition, proportion, movement and white space. I thought design was all about creativity? You will probably find yourself with a design that is muddled, unfinished, or well, just plain ugly. If the work is missing that balance, it will be weak and ineffective.