Electric and hybrid vehicles book pdf
Hybrid Electric Vehicles | SpringerLinkThe large variation in well-to-wheel efficiency of pure battery electric vehicles highlights the importance of renewable energy generation in order to achieve true environmental benefits. When calculating the energy return on investment of the various technologies based on the current energy generation mix, hybrid vehicles show the greatest environmental benefits, although this would change if electricity was made with high amounts of renewables. In an extreme scenario with heavy coal generation, the CO 2 eq return on investment can actually be negative for pure electric vehicles, highlighting the importance of renewable energy generation further. Jump to main content. Jump to site search.
Electric Cars 101: The Answers to All Your EV Questions
Cite Download Share Embed. Diez-Ibarbia M. Battarra J. Palenzuela G. Cervantes Stephen Walsh Stephanos Theodossiades. In the current framework, hybrid and electric vehicles have the advantage of polluting the environment less than other conventional technology-based vehicles, nevertheless one issue of concern has been the noise impact that they generate. The main objective of this proposal is to improve the acoustic perception of the driver in the cabin.
Not a MyNAP member yet? Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Lithium-ion battery technology has been developing rapidly, especially at the cell level, but costs are still high, and the potential for dramatic reductions appears lim ited. A PHEV will require about 2. Costs are expected to decline by about 35 percent by but more slowly thereafter. Projections of future battery pack costs are uncertain, as they depend on the rate of improvements in battery technology and manufacturing techniques, potential breakthroughs in new technology, possible relaxation of battery protection parameters as experience is gained, and the level of production, among other factors.
Air pollution, global warming, and the steady decrease in petroleum resources continue to stimulate interest in the development of safe, clean, and highly efficient transportation. Building on the foundation of the bestselling first edition, Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles: Fundamentals, Theory, and Design, Second Edition updates and expands its detailed coverage of the vehicle technologies that offer the most promising solutions to these issues affecting the automotive industry. Proven as a useful in-depth resource and comprehensive reference for modern automotive systems engineers, students, and researchers, this book speaks from the perspective of the overall drive train system and not just its individual components. Employing sufficient mathematical rigor, the authors comprehensively cover vehicle performance characteristics, EV and HEV configurations, control strategies, modeling, and simulations for modern vehicles. The first edition of this book gave practicing engineers and students a systematic reference to fully understand the essentials of this new technology. This edition introduces newer topics and offers deeper treatments than those included in the first. Revised many times over many years, it will greatly aid engineers, students, researchers, and other professionals who are working in automotive-related industries, as well as those in government and academia.
E cars are Renault's version of the electric vehicle as an efficient, user friendly zero emission car. E vehicles feature a design which has been adopted to the spirit of an electric vehicle with the focus on minimizing energy consumption while at the same time providing core comfort features. Optimising energy management is consequently a key aspect of the research that has gone into the technology employed for this range of vehicles. Check out the Z. E models below and witness how Renault are driving the change. This is a car for the future - now. Revolutionary design means this car stands out from any crowd.