Guns germs and steel book report
Guns, Germs, and Steel Summary | GradeSaverO h, for more history written by biologists. The great thing about Guns, Germs and Steel is the detail: Jared Diamond starts with a proposition every good Guardian reader would wish to believe — that all humans are born with much the same abilities — and then proceeds to argue, through meticulous and logical steps, that the playing field of prehistory was anything but level. The inequalities kicked off with the development of agriculture in one small part of the world, the so-called Fertile Crescent in what is now western Asia. Agriculture stimulates increasing population density, which means disease, which means acquired immunity. Civilisation requires the food surplus only agriculture can provide, but it also imposes a need for specialisation, for technology, for ingenuity.
Guns, Germs, and Steel Summary
When two strong men stand face to face,though they come from the ends of the earth. The result is an exciting and absorbing account of human history since the Pleistocene age, which culminates in a sketch of a future scientific basis for studying the history of humans that will command the same intellectual respect as current scientific studies of the history of other natural phenomena such as dinosaurs, nebulas and glaciers. This is an ambitious project, and no reviewer can comment on all of it with equal authority. My own background as an historian of European expansion and Asian response over the last two hundred years requires me to take most of the account of prehistory on trust - which is a drawback since Diamond asserts that most of the really important influences on modern history had already occurred before the birth of Christ. To a non-specialist, the account of human prehistory presented here seems plausible and well-founded - the argument is that, as homo sapiens evolved in Africa and migrated to colonise first Asia, then Europe, then Australia, and finally the Americas, so a technical progression from hunting to settled agriculture, and a societal progression from warring bands to complex sedentary civilisations took place largely determined by the environmental conditions in which different branches of the same species found themselves. Where plants and animals could easily be domesticated, as in the Fertile Crescent of the Middle East, settled agriculture emerged first, and was then diffused to other suitable areas. The development of surplus food-producing societies with high population densities provided humans with resistance to the diseases carried by their domesticated flocks, and facilitated other technological changes - especially the development of systems of specialised knowledge that led to advances in metallurgy, literacy and socio-economic organisation - primarily within the Eurasian supercontinent, and its outlying regions in the western Pacific and northern Africa, where the environment, and the geographical networks of migration, trade and communication, most favoured their spread.
This is a book summary of Guns, Germs, and Steel by Jared Diamond. Read this Guns, Germs, and Steel summary to review key ideas and lessons from the book.
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How is it that one civilization advances to the point of putting a man on the moon and another civilization is still using stone tools? In this book, Diamond took me through a multi-continent journey, where he explored various civilizations. He explained why some civilizations advanced and dominated other civilizations throughout the course of history. Guns, Germs, and Steel is pages long, spread across four sections and nineteen chapters, along with a prologue and epilogue. The major sections of this book include:. This book is academic in nature, yet Diamond shared some fascinating stories throughout the book.