Thinking fast and thinking slow book
Thinking, Fast and Slow by Daniel Kahneman – review | Books | The GuardianA human being "is a dark and veiled thing; and whereas the hare has seven skins, the human being can shed seven times seventy skins and still not be able to say: This is really you, this is no longer outer shell. The idea surged in the 20th century and became a commonplace, a "whole climate of opinion" , in Auden's phrase. It's still a commonplace, but it's changing shape. It used to be thought that the things we didn't know about ourselves were dark — emotionally fetid, sexually charged. This was supposed to be why we were ignorant of them: we couldn't face them, so we repressed them. The deep explanation of our astonishing ability to be unaware of our true motives, and of what was really good for us, lay in our hidden hang-ups. These days, the bulk of the explanation is done by something else: the "dual-process" model of the brain.
THINKING FAST AND SLOW - FULL AUDIOBOOK
Two Brains Running
It was the winner of the National Academies Communication Award for best creative work that helps the public understanding of topics in behavioral science , engineering and medicine. The book summarizes research that Kahneman conducted over decades, often in collaboration with Amos Tversky. The central thesis is a dichotomy between two modes of thought : "System 1" is fast, instinctive and emotional ; "System 2" is slower, more deliberative , and more logical. The book delineates cognitive biases associated with each type of thinking, starting with Kahneman's own research on loss aversion. From framing choices to people's tendency to replace a difficult question with one which is easy to answer, the book highlights several decades of academic research to suggest that people place too much confidence in human judgement.
In , Daniel Kahneman won the Nobel in economic science. What made this unusual is that Kahneman is a psychologist. Specifically, he is one-half of a pair of psychologists who, beginning in the early s, set out to dismantle an entity long dear to economic theorists: that arch-rational decision maker known as Homo economicus. The other half of the dismantling duo, Amos Tversky, died in at the age of Had Tversky lived, he would certainly have shared the Nobel with Kahneman, his longtime collaborator and dear friend. There are essentially three phases to his career. In one experiment, for instance, experienced German judges were inclined to give a shoplifter a longer sentence if they had just rolled a pair of dice loaded to give a high number.