Emile durkheim education and sociology pdf
SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION - WikiEducatorThese were shaped by the development of new attitudes and needs. Durkheim proposed that educational reforms reflect the general cultural context and illustrate the way in which the school attends to emerging needs that are not yet institutionalized in political society as a whole. Modern society has been based increasingly on industrialization of areas of life influenced by the division of labour. Certainly we seem to be witnessing this in terms of widening disparity of wealth and quality of life, and also in terms of agency. Durkheim suggests that to counterbalance this risk, the development of shared values needs to take place which translate into legitimate rights and responsibilities relating to the roles of social actors. Through educational sociology it would be possible to determine the purposes of education. In modern industrial society the socialization of a child must involve learning both in terms of integration and regulation, with specific regard for her or his own autonomy.
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Functionalist sociologist Emile Durkheim saw Education as performing two major functions in advanced industrial societies — transmitting the shared values of society and simultaneously teaching the specialised skills for an economy based on a specialised division of labour. Durkheim, a French sociologist, was writing at the turn of the twentieth century late 19th and early 20th and he believed that schools were one of the few institutions uniquely poised to assist with the transition from traditional society, based on mechanical face to face solidarity, to modern society, which was much larger in scale and based on organic more abstract solidarity. Education, and in particular the teaching of history, provides this link between the individual and society. Durkheim argued that, in complex societies, school serves a function which cannot be fulfilled by either the family, which is based on kinship or friendship, which is based on personal choice, whereas being a member of wider society involves learning to get on with and co-operate with people who are neither our kin or our friends. School is the only institution capable of preparing children for membership in wider society — it does this by enforcing a set of rules which are applied to all children, and children learn to interact with all other children on the basis of these shared rules — it thus acts like a society in miniature. Durkhiem argued that school rules should be strictly enforced — with a series of punishments for those who broke the school rules which reflected the seriousness of the damage done to the social group by the child who broke the rules.
Emile Durkheim viewed education within the framework of the plan to . For a thorough understanding of Durkheim's educational sociology, his fundamental.
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