Jane jacobs the death and life of american cities pdf
The death and life of great American cities | Open LibraryJacobs saw cities as dynamic, complex ecosystems with their own logic and order. With a keen eye for detail, she wrote eloquently about sidewalks, parks, design, and self-organization. She advocated for higher density in cities, short blocks, local economies, and mixed use zoning. Jacobs helped derail the car-centered approach to urban planning in both New York and Toronto and invigorated neighbourhood activism by helping to stop the expansion of expressways and roads. She lived in Greenwich Village until , when she moved to Toronto and continued her work and writing on urbanism, economics, and social issues until her death in April
Jane Jacobs: Neighborhoods in Action
However, though widely celebrated for her insights and unabashed embrace of dense urbanism, Jacobs may ultimately prove more influential than relevant. Her writing was often incisive and inspiring, particularly when she opposed planning and overdevelopment and embraced the role of middle-class families in cities.
The Death and Life of Great American Cities
It remains sensible, knowledgeable, readable, and indispensable. Last edited by Clean Up Bot. June 28, History. By Jane Jacobs. Go to the editions section to read or download ebooks.
The book is a critique of s urban planning policy, which it holds responsible for the decline of many city neighborhoods in the United States. Jacobs was a critic of " rationalist " planners of the s and s, especially Robert Moses , as well as the earlier work of Le Corbusier. She argued that modernist urban planning overlooked and oversimplified the complexity of human lives in diverse communities. She opposed large-scale urban renewal programs that affected entire neighborhoods and built freeways through inner cities. She instead advocated for dense mixed use development and walkable streets, with the "eyes on the street" of passers-by helping to maintain public order.
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Jane Jacobs, an influential urban critic of the 20th century who passed away this past year, pioneered thoughtful and responsible city design that would build not on the imaginary theories of city planners, but on observations and records of city life. Although her ideas have had pervasive influence in urban design, criminology, and political science, their integration into public health research is only a recent phenomenon. For instance, in research on neighborhood-level health outcomes, green space often is hailed for its positive health effects for recent examples, see Maas, et al 3 and Takano et al 4. When located in a low-traffic area such as at the residential edge of a neighborhood, parks may become havens for transient populations or criminal activity. Greenery does not automatically lead to physical activity or positive psychosocial health, and the positioning of parkland can be a driving factor in how green space is used and perceived. Jacobs maintained that unless theory is grounded on data, even the best-intentioned urban planning efforts can be counter-productive. Extending this central tenet, studies of the health impact of physical, social, and health service environments in cities should be a major source informing projects that aim to improve whole blocks or communities.
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