Maslow motivation and personality 1987 pdf
Motivation and Personality by Abraham H. Maslow free PDFMotivation and Personality is a book on psychology by Abraham Maslow , first published in Maslow's work deals with the subject of the nature of human fulfillment and the significance of personal relationships, implementing a conceptualization of self-actualization. Maslow's book is perhaps the best known contemporary work on human needs. Maslow postulated a hierarchical pyramid of human needs stretching from basic physical needs at the bottom to spiritual or transcendental needs at the top. In Motivation and Personality , Maslow argues that, in order for individuals to thrive and excel, a health-fostering culture must be created.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Motivation and personality
Abraham Maslow is the leading figure in the tradition of humanistic psychology and the modern Positive Psychology movement owes a huge debt to his theories. Nonetheless, the layperson knows surprisingly little about the pinnacle Maslow wants us to aspire to- Self-Actualization. Maslow describes the good life as one directed towards self-actualization, the pinnacle need. Self-actualization occurs when you maximize your potential, doing the best that you are capable of doing. Maslow studied individuals whom he believed to be self-actualized, including Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, and Albert Einstein, to derive the common characteristics of the self-actualized person. Here are a selection of the most important characteristics, from his book Motivation and Personality:. They are not threatened or afraid of it; instead, they accept it, are comfortable with it and are often attracted by it.
Tom Butler-Bowdon self-help classics. Noticing an interesting sign, he decided to pull over. With such a beginning, it was perhaps inevitable that Maslow would become the high priest of the s human potential movement. Yet Maslow was not an obvious revolutionary. As an academic psychologist his work was essentially a reaction against behaviourism, which broke people down to mechanistic parts, and Freudian psychoanalysis, which imagined us controlled by subterranean urges. Rather than being simply the sum of our needs and impulses, Maslow saw us as whole people with limitless room for growth. It was this clear belief in human possibility and the organisations and cultures we could build that has made his work so influential.