English phonetics and phonology pdf
English phonetics and phonology 4th edition peter roachIt is the scientific study of speech. It is a long history, going back certainly well over two thousand years ago. It was studied as early as the 4th century B. The Phoenicians are credited as the first to create a phonetic writing system, from which all major modern phonetic alphabets are now derived . The central concerns in phonetics are the discovery of how speech sounds are produced, how they are used in spoken language, how we can record speech sounds with written symbols and how we hear and recognize different sounds. In the first of these areas, when we study the production of speech sounds we can observe what speakers do articulatory observation and we can try to feel what is going on inside our vocal tract kinesthetic observation. The second area is where phonetics overlaps with phonology: usually in phonetics we are only interested in sounds that are used in meaningful speech, and phoneticians are interested in discovering the range and variety of sounds used this way in all the languages of the world.
International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) - English Pronunciation
English phonetics and phonology. A theoretical overview
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