Human tendencies and montessori education pdf
Needs and Tendencies | Montessori CommonsTo ensure that these needs are met all humans experience innate tendencies, which are the same throughout histories, cultures, and nations, they are an essential ingredient in being human, while they correspond to an animals instincts they have an unconscious creative potential. In each person the tendencies manifest differently a unique blends of different strengths of tendencies lead to the manifestation of different action and as one tendency is strengthened it makes it more likely that other, related ones, will emerge into expression. In different cultures certain tendencies are more highly valued and more likely to be expressed in typical ways. They link us together as a social network while making us unique. Montessori, Human Tendencies and Montessori Education, p. If tendencies are allowed to be acted upon they result in a healthy, congruent psyche, while if tendencies are stifled mental and social problems arise and the psyche is said to be maladjusted.
Human Needs and Tendencies
Humans were given the gifts of intelligence, love, reason and will. We have the power to modify and adapt to any environment based on our needs. Human beings evolved in a unique way and are endowed with intelligence, instincts and movement. There were three elementary needs to keep us alive: food, shelter and clothing. Our early ancestors found a means to sustain these basic needs on the first day of their existence. Human tendencies are unchanging and individual. They help humans to survive and adapt in a particular time and environment.
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Human Tendencies Part 3
Humans, unlike any other species on the planet, do not enter the world with any predetermined function. While other species serve Nature using their instincts, humans alone have free will. Nature provides humans with an inner prompting rather than an instinctive demand, as in animals. Humans are fundamentally inclined to acquire those characteristics and traits common only to humans. Montessori identified the fundamental needs of humans by observing the behaviors and development of children, which she determined as universal to all cultures.
She concluded, after much research in the field of anthropology, that these behavioral patterns have been consistent throughout the history of mankind. Children, and indeed human beings, are hard-wired to use common behaviors to get their basic needs met. Trying to make a child to work against his or her inner fluxes can be a lot like trying to swim upstream. Teachers and parents can benefit enormously from the understanding of these deeply ingrained behaviors. Children acting in synchronicity with their natural tendencies are internally motivated and fulfilled. Whereas, trying to make a child to work against his or her inner fluxes can be a lot like trying to swim upstream…in the Amazon…with your hands tied behind your back! The way the Montessori Method helps children to meet their needs is based on an in-depth understanding of these human tendencies.