Chapter 7 commerce and culture pdf
WHAP Chapter 8 Notes PartII | Silk Road | West AfricaA trade route is a logistical network identified as a series of pathways and stoppages used for the commercial transport of cargo. The term can also be used to refer to trade over bodies of water. Allowing goods to reach distant markets , a single trade route contains long distance arteries , which may further be connected to smaller networks of commercial and noncommercial transportation routes. Among notable trade routes was the Amber Road , which served as a dependable network for long-distance trade. In modern times , commercial activity shifted from the major trade routes of the Old World to newer routes between modern nation-states. This activity was sometimes carried out without traditional protection of trade and under international free-trade agreements, which allowed commercial goods to cross borders with relaxed restrictions. Long distance trade routes were developed in the Chalcolithic Period.
Chapter 7: Commerce and Culture, 500-1500
Particularly shocking to Battuta is that in Iswalatan, women are shown more respect than men, and men figure their lineage through their mothers brother. Women show no bashfulness before men and do not veil themselves. Men and women have friends and companions of the opposite sex who are not members of their own families or households. In Mali, he notes that women servants, slave girls, and young girls go about in front of everyone naked. What specifically does Ibn Battuta find shocking about the women he encountered on his travels in West Africa? How would you describe Ibn Battutas impression of Mali?
The results were unprecedented concentrations of wealth and the intensification of cross-cultural exchanges. Innovations in transportation, state policies, and mercantile practices contributed to the expansion and development of commercial networks, which in turn served as conduits for cultural, technological, and biological diffusion within and between various societies. Pastoral or nomadic groups played a key role in creating and sustaining these networks. Expanding networks fostered greater interregional borrowing, while at the same time sustaining regional diversity. The prophet Muhammad promoted Islam, a new major monotheistic religion at the start of this period. It spread quickly through practices of trade, warfare, and diffusion characteristic of this period. The expansion and intensification of trade networks in the post-classical period led to the rise of new cities as major trade hubs.
Trade involves the transfer of goods or services from one person or entity to another, often in exchange for money. A system or network that allows trade is called a market.
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