Prospero and caliban the psychology of colonization pdf
Mannoni, Octave – Postcolonial StudiesThis article argues that Mannoni's book presents a more cogent examination of European colonization than either Fanon or most subsequent critics suggest. A result of Mannoni's explorations in psychoanalysis after twenty years of residence and work as a colonial functionary in French controlled Madagascar, his book needs to be read as a critique of European colonialism. Although he is best known for his application of the terms "dependency" and "inferiority" to the consideration of the effects of colonization on its victims, I argue that Mannoni's more meaningful premise is that colonization can be described and understood as a process of psychological projection--that it is the European, who goes forth seeking compensation for the "inferiority complex" that accompanies the struggle of the autonomous individual typical of modern European society and who then "projects" his desires and fears on the people he colonizes. This results in relationships that lead to the racism, exploitation, and violence that characterize colonization. This article examines this premise while responding to and reconsidering Fanon's, and others', readings of Mannoni's book. To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately, you may Download the file to your hard drive. Advanced Search.
Prospero and Caliban
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Born in France of parents from Corsica, Octave Mannoni belonged to a small group of critics who managed to think independently while faithfully following Lacan. After a tumultuous youth, Mannoni traveled to Africa and resided for more than twenty years in Madagascar, where he held various positions while working as an ethnologist. Upon return to France after World War II, he undertook analysis with Lacan and became initiated into clinical practice. Through the various schisms of psychoanalysis, Mannoni always adopted the ideological camp of Lacan see Frantz Fanon. Mannoni lists several aspects of human significance in the colonial situation—economical, political, ethical, and historical aspects—yet he chooses to focus on the psychological aspect for his study. To specify, Mannoni defines a colonial situation as follows:.