Graphic novel definition and examples
Graphic novel - WikipediaGraphic novel , in American and British usage, a type of text combining words and images—essentially a comic, although the term most commonly refers to a complete story presented as a book rather than a periodical. The term graphic novel is contentious. From the s, as the field of comic studies was first emerging as an academic discipline , scholars and others have attempted to define the word comics and to generate a critical terminology appropriate to support that definition. The debate over so-called graphic novels touches upon this complex situation. For many, the word comics denotes a periodical for children, published on a weekly or monthly basis, sold at newsstands or in speciality comic book stores, often with pages devoted to advertising and, when intended for younger readers, competitions and puzzles. In contrast, graphic novel is usually taken to mean a long comic narrative for a mature audience, published in hardback or paperback and sold in bookstores, with serious literary themes and sophisticated artwork.
When seeking a publisher for the work, Eisner called it a graphic novel, though in fact it was a collection of stories, not a novel. Though at the time Eisner believed he created the term, he later discovered he was not the first to use it. However, not until Eisner, with this new creation that on the outside did not look like comic book, did the term get much traction. Is it merely a "big comic book that needed a bookmark," as Art Spiegelman, the writer of the only Pulitzer Prize-winning graphic novel Maus , once said? Harvey declares? Stephen Weiner, author of Faster Than a Speeding Bullet: The Rise of the Graphic Novel , has an umbrella definition for all the formats graphic novels have taken over the years: "book-length comic books that are meant to be read as one story, including collections of stories in genres such as mystery, superhero or supernatural that are meant to be read apart from their corresponding ongoing comic book storyline.
A graphic novel is a type of comic book. As the name suggests, it features the use of graphic art, but in a narrative form, using the pictures to tell as story in much the same was as does a film. Recently, numerous comic books and graphic novels have been made into films and television series. The graphic novel usually has a lengthy and complex storyline similar to those of novels, often aimed at mature audiences. The term also encompasses comic short story anthologies, and in some cases bound collections of previously published comic book series more commonly referred to as trade paperbacks.
The most important thing to say up front is that while all graphic novels are comics, not all comics are graphic novels. Graphic novels are a particular type of comic. It goes like this Published in book format, they can be fiction or non-fiction, and usually tell a stand-alone story with a complex plot. Graphic novels like Watchmen bring together an episodic series. The term 'graphic novel' was coined by Will Eisner to distinguish his book A Contract with God from collections of newspaper comic strips.
From comic strips to comic books
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'graphic novel., A graphic novel is a book made up of comics content. Although the word " novel " normally refers to long fictional works, the term "graphic novel" is applied broadly and includes fiction, non-fiction, and anthologized work.